2019年高考英语一轮优练题 Unit 1 Art(含解析)新人教版选修6

发布于:2021-10-21 19:46:04

Unit 1 Art

一、阅读理解。

李仕才

We had a TV series in London. One of our fellow TV presenters seriously upset the

camera crew when they arrived at his house. He was rude and unconcerned, treating them

like lowly workers. Minutes later, when the camera was turned on, he became the

perfectly smiling spiritual figure he was publicly known to be. But, as the crew told

us later, he had already shown them that he didn't walk his talk.

In contrast, Ed was meeting with Jo, our TV producer, in a small London cafe. If

you have ever been to London you'll know that in such cafe the tables are very close.

Two well dressed African men sat down next to them, which effectively meant they were

sharing the same table. Ed asked the two strangers where they were from and one

said, "South Africa. " The man pulled out his business card—his name was Jacob Zuma

who, at that time, was the President of the ANC but is now the President of South Africa.

Usually, if you sit next to someone in a big city cafe, you don't even make eye

contact, let alone conversation. Jacob had never met Ed before so he could have been

distant and polite, he certainly didn't have to talk, let alone maintain communication,

which he did over the following few years. He even hugged him!

How we walk our talk shows far more than just our public behavior. Rather, it

highlights how we view the world and our place in it. Jacob Zuma showed us how he treats

others—with the fairness, consideration and respect that he treats all beings. No

matter who we are, whether a street cleaner or a president, we are all equal, here

together as one human family.

1.What can we learn about the TV presenter?

A. He felt upset before the camera.

B. He was known for his being impolite.

C. His deeds didn't agree with his words.

D. He pretended to be polite to the camera crew.

2.Which word can best describe Jacob Zuma according to the text?

A. Friendly.

B. Humorous.

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C. Generous.

D. Serious.

3.Why did Ed go to the small London cafe?

A. To film a TV series. B. To interview Jacob Zuma.

C. To meet with a TV producer. D. To observe people's public behavior.

4.What is the text mainly about?

A.TV presenters are often too proud.

B. There still exists inequality in society.

C.I. earned people are more likely to be polite.

D. People should treat others with equal respect.

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章通过举例讲述了我们如何做到言行一致,礼貌待人。

我们的谈话方式是我们的公共行为,表明我们如何看待世界和我们在社会中的地位,因此我们

应该公*的、体贴的、尊重地对待别人。

1.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据第一段二、三句 He was rude and unconcerned, treating them

like lowly workers. Minutes later, when the camera was turned on, he became the

perfectly smiling spiritual figure he was publicly known to be.可知,这位电视

节目主持人对待同事粗鲁不礼貌,当面对镜头,他就成了众所周知的完美的精神形象。因

此推断他是一个言行不一的人。故选 C。

3.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段第一句 In contrast, Ed was meeting with Jo, our TV producer, in a small London cafe.可知,Ed 去咖啡馆是为了见一个电视节目制片人。 故选 C。
4.D 【解析】主旨大意题。纵观全文可知,文章通过举例讲述了我们如何做到言行一致,礼貌 待人。我们的谈话方式是我们的公共行为,表明我们如何看待世界和我们在社会中的地 位,因此我们应该公*的、体贴的、尊重地对待别人。故选 D。
二、单句语法填空 1.The local government has taken some effective measures, ___________ (aim) at cutting down the cost during the tough economy.
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答案:aimed/aiming 2.The present situation is very complex, so I think it will take me some time to figure___________ its reality. 答案:out 3.I’m writing a letter, expecting your newspaper to appeal to the public ___________ (pay) more attention to environmental protection. 答案:to pay 4.The boys made an attempt ___________ (leave) for camping but were stopped by their parents. 答案:to leave 5.The book written by Mr. Jackson appealed to people in all walks of life, ___________ (make) it the best?seller in England. 答案:making 6.Without your timely help, I couldn’t ___________ (finish) the task ahead of time. 答案:have finished 7.On the one hand, I am dying for the job; ___________ the other hand, I am not willing to give up my present one. 答案:on 8.My father smokes heavily; as ___________ consequence, he coughs frequently, which makes the whole family worried. 答案:a 9.In the far south ___________ (lie) Stewart Island, the largest of New Zealand’s many smaller islands. 答案:lies 10.My father encouraged me in painting, but he never loved to see any of my works ___________ (exhibit) in public. 答案:exhibited 三、完形填空。
As an older student at your school,do you sometimes feel a kind of responsibility? I was lucky enough to be named one of our prefects(级长).My__1__ has so far meant that I've had to help with school meetings,events,and many__2__ across the school.
One of the events was a soccer tournament for 7th and 8th year prefects in September.We had to __3__ a soccer team made up of several prefects for the
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tournament.

__4__ at the soccer field on the day of the tournament,we were full of__5__

that our__6__ and age would be enough for us to win.__7__ ,we had underestimated(低

估)the situation.The younger students quickly started dominating us,and__8__ beat

us.We were__9__ of the competition after the first game!

Having been__10__ ,we realized that our size and age really didn't __11__ ,

as the younger students were not intimidated(威胁).However, although we were

defeated,we were able to talk to the __12__ students afterwards,which was quite

__13__.

After our pitiful attempt at__14__ soccer,we had to help referee(裁判)the final

few__15__.Refereeing was a difficult task,as a bad__16__ could cost a team the

game.__17__ for me,there were no extremely difficult decisions.

After refereeing,we were all given dinner and the student leaders and the younger

kids all __18__ together.At that moment I__19__ the true job of a prefect—we are

here to __20__ the school.

1.A.job

B.cure

C.enquiry

D.opportunity

2.A.activities

B.teachers

C.libraries

D.professors

3.A.suspect

B.form

C.quarrel

D.challenge

4.A.Attending

B.Aiming

C.Guiding

D.Arriving

5.A.curiosity

B.possibility

C.pity

D.confidence

6.A.mask

B.strength

C.speed

D.size

7.A.Besides

B.Therefore

C.Although

D.However

8.A.previously

B.hardly

C.eventually

D.firstly

9.A.knocked out

B.knocked at

C.knocked on

D.knocked off

10.A.scolded

B.defeated

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C.blamed

D.praised

11.A.rise

B.clarify

C.matter

D.go

12.A.senior

B.younger

C.cleverer

D.smarter

13.A.anxious

B.pleasant

C.upset

D.delighted

14.A.playing

B.giving

C.offering

D.helping

15.A.problems

B.deals

C.issues

D.games

16.A.movement

B.signal

C.decision

D.suspect

17.A.Sadly

B.Calmly

C.Privately

D.Luckily

18.A.sat

B.seated

C.jumped

D.leaped

19.A.neglected

B.realized

C.tolerated

D.dreamed

20.A.adjust

B.reform

C.unite

D.change

【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文。作为学校的一名级长,作者参加了学校举行的足球比

赛,由此获得了一些感悟。

【核心词汇】confidence n.信心 eventually adv.最后,终于 knock out 淘汰

1.A 根据下文中的“help with school meetings, events”可知,这些是级长的工

作内容。job “工作,职责”;cure“治愈”;enquiry “询问”;opportunity“机会”。

2.A 根据上文中的“meetings, events”可知,此处表示学校里的许多活动。故选 A。

3.B 根据语境可知,此处表示我们(作为级长)不得不组成一支球队参加比赛。

suspect“怀疑”;form“形成,组成”;quarrel“争吵”;challenge“向……挑战”。

4.D 此处表示比赛那天我们来到足球场上。arrive at“到达,抵达”。

5.D 根据下文中“that our __6__ and age would be enough for us to win”的提

示可知,我们充满信心。curiosity“好奇心”;possibility“可能性”;pity“怜悯”;

confidence“信心”。

6.D 根据下文中的“we realized that our size and age”可知,应选 D 项。mask“面

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具”; strength“力量”;speed“速度”;size“大小,尺寸”。 7.D 根据下文中的“we had underestimated(低估)the situation.The younger
students quickly started dominating us”可知,此处与上文提到的有信心赢得比赛形成 转折关系,故选 D。
8.C 根据语境可知,年轻的学生很快控制了比赛并最终取得了比赛的胜利。 previously“先前”;hardly “简直不”;eventually “最终”;firstly“首先”。
9.A 根据上文中的“The younger students quickly started dominating us, and __8__ beat us”可知,我们被淘汰(knocked out)了。
10.B 根据上文中的“and__8__ beat us”和下文中的“we were defeated”可知, 此处表示我们被击败。scold“责骂”;defeat“击败”;blame“责怪”;praise“表扬”。
11.C 在被击败之后,我们意识到体型和年龄并不重要。rise“升起”;clarify“澄 清”;matter“重要”;go“去”。
12.B 根据语境可知,此处表示我们赛后和那些年轻的学生交流。 13.B 赛后和那些年轻的学生交流,那是令人愉快的。anxious“焦虑的;担心的”; pleasant“令人愉快的”;upset“沮丧的”;delighted“(人感到)高兴的”。 14.A 在踢足球的尝试失败后,我们不得不协助为最后的几场比赛担任裁判。playing soccer 符合语境。 15.D 参见上题解析。problem “问题”;deal“交易”;issue“议题”;game “比 赛”。 16.C 根据下文中的“there were no extremely difficult decisions”可知,此处 表示一次不恰当的判定,即裁判做出的决定(decision)会影响比赛的结果。movement “移 动”;signal “信号”;decision “决定”;suspect“嫌疑人”。 17.D 上文提到“Refereeing was a difficult task”,下文提到“there were no extremely difficult decisions”,由此可知,上下文之间存在转折关系,再结合句意可 知,Luckily 符合语境。sadly“不幸地”;calmly“镇静地”;privately“私下地”; luckily“幸运地”。 18.A 根据上文中的“After refereeing, we were all given dinner...together” 可知,赛后大家坐在一起吃饭交流。 19.B 根据上文中的“After refereeing, we were all given dinner and the student leaders and the younger kids all __18__ together”可知,作者处于这样的场景之中不 由得有所思考,所以此处为“意识到”。neglect“忽略”;realize“意识到”; tolerate“忍受”;dream“梦想”。 20.C 句意:那一刻,我意识到级长真正的职责在于使学校(所有人)都团结起来。 adjust“调整”;reform“改革”;unite“使团结”;change“改变”。
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四、单句改错 1.Beijing was quite different from that I had expected. ___________ 答案:that→what 2.—Does the young man standing there have possession of the company? —No. The company is in possession of his father.___________ 答案:in 后加 the 3.He is always very rude, that is why people tend to avoid him. ___________ 答案:that→which 4.For the one thing, you must make a promise; for another, you should act at once. ___________ 答案:去掉 the 5.There was a time when he had nothing to do, wandering aimless in the street all the day. ___________ 答案:aimless→aimlessly
五、单元语法——虚拟语气(Ⅰ) 1.(2018·安徽马鞍山二中、安师大附中联考)Had the weather been more favorable, the crops ___________ (grow) still better now. 答案:would/might/could grow 2.(2018·湖南怀化模拟) Sorry,I am too busy now. If I ___________ (have) time, I would certainly go for an outing with you. 答案:had 3.(2018·天津七校联考)I was ill that day; otherwise I ___________ (take) part in the sports meet. 答案:would have taken 4 . (2018· 江 苏 扬 州 中学 月 考 )He ___________ (intend) to return today, but he postponed the trip due to the unpleasant weather. 答案:had intended 5.(2018·江苏启东中学阶段检测)—I’ve been told Jimmy is here waiting for me. —If you ___________ (come) earlier, you would have met him. He just left half an hour ago. 答案:had come
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